Periodontal (gum) disease
What is gum disease?
Gum disease is swelling or soreness of the gums around your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth.
The plaque bacteria produce toxins that can leat to inflammation of the gums.
The stage of gume disease called gingivitis is reversible. If you do not remove plaque by brushing and flossing your teeth, it can build up and infect your gums, teeth and the bone that supports them.
If not treated by a dentist, you can lose your teeth.
The signs of gum disease are not always easy to see and can be painless. The earlier gum disease is caught, the easier it is to treat. That's why it's important to see your dentist regularly.
Stages of Gum Disease